Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Exodus: Moses, the child born as a 'type' of saviour!

Stephen Dempster continues on Exodus:
"The narrative focus narrows from a stress on births (Israelite seed in general) and persecution, to a particular birth (Israelite seed in particular) – Moses, who narrowly escapes disaster by being placed in an ark in the River Nile (Exod. 2:1-10). 
Moses' salvation from the water echoes backwards and forwards in the text; backwards to the salvation of humanity from the judgement of the flood by Noah (Gen. 6-8), and forwards to the Israelites' future escape from the waters of the Reed Sea (Exod. 14). Significantly the figure of Moses, this child born as a type of saviour figure, not only saves Israel but also embodies Israel at times.
  • His rescue from the water prefigures the nation's salvation from the water;
  • his escape after the death of an Egyptian (Exod. 2:11-15) is a prelude to the Israelites' flight after the death of many Egyptians (Exod. 12:29-39);
  • his experience of being in the desert for forty years (Exod. 2:21-25) foreshadows the same for Israel (Num 14:33);
  • his divine encounter before the burning bush (Exod. 3) anticipates Israel before the fire at Sinai (Exod. 19-24).
As was the case with Joseph, another significant Israelite, this member of the tribe of Levi gives greater significance to the understanding of divine dominion in the world."
To get to the heart of the early chapters of Exodus is to catch sight of the unfolding plan of God to put all things under Christ through his saving act. See him! Moses writes of him as he records the events of the Exodus..


  1. This is great stuff. Currid's commentary on Exodus was also a great help in pointing to the mini-Exodus motifs in the early chapters of the book and also the NT connections (Moses as the type of Saviour who is rejected by his own people, 2:14 "Who made you ruler and judge over us?" but welcomed by the Gentiles in 2:19 "An Egyptian rescued us from the shepherds.")

  2. With so many connections, its a challenge to filter that so there's not too much content.

  3. And of course there is the mini-Exodus in Genesis with Abraham & Sarah, and them being sent off with Egyptian wealth.