3. Election is not unjust (Romans 9v14-18)
Someone once said that if you find yourself naturally asking the questions scripture raises, as you read it, then it proves you're understanding it. v14 presents one of the ultimate questions to test our understanding... to test our hearts. If people get saved because God says, and based on nothing in them...and consequently others don't get saved for the very same reasons... Then isn't God unfair... isn't God unjust. That's precisely the question raised in v14. Is there injustice on God's part? How can he save some and not others.
Warning! It is dangerous to plead for justice before God... why? Justice is what the innocent plead for... and Romans has made very clear that we are not innocent... Furthermore, its quite right to say that the real scandal of the cross is not that God doesn't save everyone, but rather:
...the scandal is that anyone gets saved at all.That's a scandal! That's what was at stake in chapter 3 of Romans... God appeared unjust. Not because he didn't save anyone, but because he was saving people – and appeared not to be punishing sin... until Jesus was punished for our sin. The word of God puts us in our place – not trusting in ourselves...never letting us think we deserved to be saved.
And so to his argument in v14-18. This is perhaps the climax of the chapter... though v19-29 are vitally important too. Read again. Climax? Yes. At first glance its a simple repetition of the previous section.
Look: Paul said: God saves who he wants to save...But dig deeper. He's quoting the Old Testament and the key lies there; in Exodus. God's purpose of election.
We said: isn't that unjust?
Paul said: God saves who he wants to save...
God has mercy, freely. Just like in Exodus 33. Its the aftermath of The Incident with the Golden-Calf in the Desert. Moses is pleading for God to first save Israel.. and then to be with them... This is something to revel in. And something that ought to be seen for the scandal it is. The LORD is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love. Israel personify what it means to turn from your Creator to worship creation. And yet The LORD is shows mercy not wrath to Israel.
And this is the foundation of Romans 9! The free and outrageous grace of God. We are like Israel, deeply deserving of wrath for committing the same offense as they did - suppressing the knowledge of God. As James Jordan has said:
James Jordan said:
"The purpose of ethics, etc., according to Romans 1 is to help man escape God and suppress all knowledge of Him. Rebel-lious man never tries to reach God."He is not coerced by us. He does not show us kindness because of our works, race, heritage, efforts, desire. Out of the essence of his character he is gracious. It seems outrageous. Human beings deserve wrath, and God is not swayed by anything in us.... and yet he shows mercy. Why?
In Chapter 33. Moses says – God go with us or we don't know you favour us and neither will the nations. That is to say – God your reputation with us and with the nations is at stake. In Chapter 32. Moses says- God saves us or we'll think your promise failed, and the nations will mock you. That is to say – God your reputation with us and with the nations is at stake.
In both cases God acts to show mercy to whom he will show mercy. Not because it's deserved. Its not. The crimes of Exodus 32 were heinous... God's people rejecting the worship of their Creator and Saviour to worship creation... much like the charges against us in Romans 1. But God shows mercy for his fame and among his people and the nations.
God hardens, freely: The second quote is from Exodus 9 and is to defend God hardening some. More straight forward. Pharaoh is hardened so that God will be fame worldwide. The idea of God hardening people is difficult for us to swallow but here we gain window into the mind of God. When God hardens it is for his global glory. Whether we can understand how hardening can glorify God, it does. His word says so.
How then is that righteous? Think. What does it mean to be unrighteous? It is to reject God's glory. What is it to be righteous? It is to make God's glory famous. God's purpose of election is the definition of righteousness! Making himself famous!
God isn't coerced. God is freely sovereign in grace and hardening. And when he does it is so that he will be famous among his people, and among all nations. God's purpose in election is God-centred... spreading his glory.